U.S. District Court Western District of Washington, 1974
U.S. Supreme Court, 2004
Gonzaga University School of Law, Spokane, Washington, 1974, J.D.
Seattle University, Seattle, WA, 1970, B.A.
Major: Political Science
Winning Criminal Cases, Washington State Criminal Defense Association, 1988
Criminal Law Practice in District Court, Snohomish County Bar Association, 2005